Education, Religiosity and Moral Attitudes: Explaining Cross-National Effect Differences - FAKKIR

Education, Religiosity and Moral Attitudes: Explaining Cross-National Effect Differences

FAKKIR.XYZ | JURNAL – The aim of the present study is to answer three research questions on moral attitudes (i.e. attitudes concerning abortian, premarital and extramarital relations, and homosexual relations). Which parental and individual characteristics affect moral attitudes? Do the effects of parental and individual characteristics vary across countries? And, if so, can these effect differences an moral issues be explained by national characteristics? To answer these questions, we use the 1991 ISSP database cantaining relevant data of 16,604 inhabitants of 15 countries. Hypotheses are tested using multi~level analyses. We find that parental and individual religiosity, as weU as individual educational attainment, have strong effects an moral attitudes. However, weobserve considerable effectdiffer~ences across countries, which is a rather new firuJ.ing. Effects of individual religiosity an moral attitudes appear to be stranger in more religious countries and weaker in more secularized countries. Effects of individual educatian are stranger in more religiously heterogeneous countries and weaker in more religiously homogeneous countries. Finally, effects of individual educatian an moral attitudes are weaker in short~standing democracies than in lang~ standing ones.

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